WIDOW¹S MITE Capanius 6-9 A.D.
The smallest of Greek bronze coins. The word “mite” was used in the Bible and was obviously referred to as the smallest coin known and used by the Jews. Luke 21:1-3 . . . ³And he looked up and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury. And he saw a certain poor widow casting in thither two mites. And he said, of a truth I say unto you that this poor widow hast cast in more than they all. For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God; but she of her penury hath cast in all of the living she had.²
HEROD ANTIPAS 4 B.C.-40 A.D.
This ruler, known as a tetrarch, was the son of Herod the Great, and his original heir. His second wife was Herodias, who was the wife of his brother. He built Tiberius in honor of his patron, the notorious Emperor Tiberius, where he issued his coins. This replica has a palm branch, the title, “Herod the Tetrach,” and a border of dots on the obverse.
The reverse has a wreath with ³Tiberius² in Greek, in the center. As a result of his relations with Herodias, he put John the Baptist to death. Matthew 6:14-27 . . . ³For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold upon John and bound him in prison. For Herodias¹s sake, his brother Philip¹s wife, for he had married her . . . and when the daughter of the said Herodias came in and danced and pleased Herod . . . the king said unto the damsel ask me whatsoever thou wilt. And she came in . . . and asked saying I will that thou give me by and by, in a charger, the head of John the Baptist.²
TRIBUTE PENNY Tiberius 14-37 A.D.
This coin, called ³penny² in the 1611 King James Version of the Bible, should be called ³tribute denarius.² In ancient times, while the Roman\ legions occupied Britain, the denarius was the standard coin. Tiberius was the Roman Emperor (Caesar) who ruled during Jesus¹ lifetime. Mark 12:14-16 .
³Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar or not? But he, knowing their hypocrisy said unto them, Why tempt ye me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And he said unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto Him, Caesar¹s. And Jesus said unto them,
Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar¹s and to God the things that are God's.
LEPTON Pontius Pilate 26-36 A.D.
Pontius Pilate, known to all Christians for his delivery of Jesus to the crucifixion, was Governor of the Holy Land. He came from the household of Tiberius and was probably a freedman. The coin shows a simpulum (ladle) said to be a sacred vessel presented to the Temple by Tiberius. The obverse has three
ears of grain bound together. The legend reads, ³Money of Julia Caesar² (wife of Tiberius). John 18:28-19:42 . . .²Pilate then went out unto them, and said, what accusation bring ye against this man . . .²
SHEKEL OF TYRE 1 B.C.-1 A.D.
The thirty pieces of silver paid to Judas by the Pharisees for the betraying of Christ are thought to be these coins. The replicas come from those minted in the Phoenician city of Tyre. The shekel, acceptable as Temple dues, was referred to as ³Tyrian money². The obverse shows a laureated head of Melkarth, a
Phoenician god in the form of the Greek god Heracles. An eagle stands on a ship¹s prow with a palm branch in the background. The legend in Greek reads: Tyre sacred and inviolable sanctuary.² The club is a symbol of Melkarth.
STATER OF ANTIOCH 27 B.C.-14 A.D.
This replica of the Tetradrachm of Antioch in Syria may also possibly be the type of silver coin given to Judas for the betrayal of Christ. On the obverse is a portrait of Emperor Augustus.
The reverse depicts a female figure representing the Tyche patron goddess of Antioch with the river Orontes at her feet. Matthew 26:15 . . . ³And said unto them what will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.²
The coin reproductions included in this set are duplicates of originals in the British Museum or in other fine collections.