Mythological stories of Olympian deities relate tales of heroic adventures, divine folly, giants, monsters, and mortals. Greek Gods in the Olympian Pantheon is the first of several collections of ancient Greek coin replicas representing the Pantheon.
Zeus: King of the Olympian Gods, ruler of Mount Olympus; god of the sky and thunder. Youngest son of Titans Cronus and Rhea. Silver hemidrachm of Olympia. The original coin was made between 271 and 191 B.C. Obverse: Displays Zeus facing right. Reverse: Shows an eagle seated right on an Ionic capital. The eagle was the symbol of Zeus and the city of Olympia. (Sear 2900).
Persephone or Kore: Queen of the underworld; daughter of Zeus and Demeter, goddess of harvest. Syracuse silver tetradrachm. Original coin struck in 317 B.C. to 298 B.C. Obverse shows head of Persephone facing right wearing a wreath of corn. The reverse shows Nike naked to the waist erecting a trophy with a hammer held in right hand and a triskeles in the right field. (Sear 972)
Dionysus: God of wine, festivities and ecstasy. Son of Zeus and Hera. Thasos silver tetradrachm of Dionysus. Original coin struck between 463 to 411 B.C. Obverse: Bearded Dionysus wreathed in ivy, facing left. Reverse: Heracles facing right clad in lion skin, kneeling right shooting bow and arrow. (Sear 1751)
Heracles or Hercules: A divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmene. This divine hero in Greek mythology was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who champion the Olympian order. Heracles’ role
as a culture hero, was accepted into the Olympian Pantheon during Classical times. Syracuse silver tetradrachm of Hercules. Original coin struck between 413 to 405 B.C. Obverse: Beardless Hercules wearing lion skin. Reverse: Galloping quadriga driven by Athena crowned by Nike. (Sear 761)
Hermes: The god Hermes moves freely between the worlds of the mortal and divine, as emissary and messenger of the Olympian gods. Son of Zeus and nymph Maia. Ainos silver tetradrachm of Hermes. Original coin struck between 405 to 357 B.C. Obverse: Head of youthful Hermes facing right wearing hat with ornamented with beads above brim. Reverse: goat facing right with cadeceus in front of goat. (Sear 1565)
Greek mythology has had a profound impact upon the social and cultural life of Western Civilization. From Greece in 900 B.C to the present, stories of the Greek gods have influenced Western architecture, art, music, literature, and poetry.