With Christopher Columbus' discovery of the New World, Spain acquired control of a vast abroad empire with great riches. The Spanish crown needed treasure to money the regular wars that depleted the royal coffers. In time the location Spain managed ended up being called the Spanish Main.
After Hernando Cortez dominated Mexico in 1519, the Spanish made use of native Indians to mine the gold and silver in South and Central America. The metals were refined and made into coins. Some coins were cut from bars into pieces called 'cobs' (cut off the bars). Other gold and silver coins were made from rolled sheets and blanks making use of unrefined passes away and presses. Thousands of lots of gold and silver were delivered to Spain.
Between 1492 and 1830 the New World produced 4,035,156,000 gold and silver pesos. Brought in the holds of the treasure fleets, these riches drew pirates and privateers. Each year fleets of Spanish ships departed from Havana, Cuba for the return journey to Spain. These Spanish fleets sailed north and east till they reached the latitude of forty degrees. The fleets then turned east throughout the Atlantic Ocean to Spain. The trip lasted 2 months.
Each year the Spanish fleets departed from New World to Spain. Nevertheless, higher was the threat of experiencing a hurricane somewhere along the narrow passage between the Bahama banks and the Florida reefs. When among the earliest and richest of the treasure galleons sank in 1641, more than forty years passed prior to the wrecks were discovered and partly recuperated.
During the Golden Age of Piracy, gold was recuperated both from wrecks and attacks on the Spanish treasure fleets and their galleons guarded the king's coffers bound for Spain. A single captured reward could make a pirate rich. As stalwart as the galleon appeared, she was in fact rather vulnerable when pitted versus Mother Nature.
Four Gold Spanish Treasure Coins
Includes Detailed Descriptions
Historical Spanish Treasure Coin Set
Cast in Lead Free Pewter
Double Side Coins Marked COPY on Reverse